TERRA FAQ

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Create, no boundaries. As a small and powerful cinema camera, TERRA has ability record ProRes and KineRAW for all resolution and fps which it supports. It is designed from bottom to top to facilitate filmmaking from shooting to post workflow. The value and flexibility from the TERRA lets you put more of your production budget and energy into what goes in front of the camera.

In this article, there are many information about the revolutionary camera, involving tech parameters, shooting, configuration, accessories and post-workflow.

Key Parameters of TERRA

TERRA records two intermediate codecs: KineRAW (.krw) and Apple ProRes, in-camera.

    1. KineRAW: cinema-level codec is developed by Kinefinity with great efforts and resources: lossless, with high efficiency. It really fits 8K, 6K, 5K, 4K recording and HiSpeed recording, saves much more storage room, for easier data backup. TERRA can record KineRAW (.krw) at all resolution and fps: average compression level 2:1 to 3:1, no color sampling and loss.
    2. ProRes: the golden standard of filmmaking post-workflow. TERRA supports in-camera ProRes recording at any resolution and at any fps, such as 6K ProRes, 5K 50fps ProRes, 4K wide 100fps ProRes. ProRes 422HQ/422/422LT/422Proxy are four formats available in TERRA. Benefits from its high efficiency, 4K ProRes can be playback smoothly on the entry-level MacBook.

The following table shows the recording time lengths for the two codecs (ProRes has different formats as ProRes422HQ/422/422LT/422Proxy) over different fps and resolution (on 500GB KineMAG+):

Record Format Rec time length@KineMAG+ 500GB
2K@25fps  KineRAW(.krw) 3hrs and 30mins
2K@25fps ProRes422HQ(.mov) 5hrs and 10mins
2K@25fps  ProRes422LT(.mov) 11hrs and 10mins
3K@25fps  KineRAW(.krw) 1hr and 30mins
3K@25fps ProRes422HQ(.mov) 2hrs and 50mins
3K@25fps  ProRes422LT(.mov) 5hrs and 30mins
4K@25fps  KineRAW(.krw) 52mins
4K@25fps ProRes422HQ(.mov) 1hr and 20mins
4K@25fps  ProRes422LT(.mov) 2hr and 50mins
5K@25fps  KineRAW(.krw) 33mins
5K@25fps ProRes422HQ(.mov) 52mins
5K@25fps  ProRes422LT(.mov) 1hrs and 50mins
6K@25fps  KineRAW(.krw) 26mins
6K@25fps ProRes422HQ(.mov) 42mins
6K@25fps  ProRes422LT(.mov) 1hr and 30mins

Note: actual recording time may vary over different scenario.

NO.

No matter what kind of recording formats, TERRA records footages as:

    1. KRW with KineLOG or ProRes;
    2. 3D LUT when monitoring;
    3. Audio files (ProRes mov file will embed the two channels of audio, if project fps is the same with recording fps).

The image color will be the same with the ones when recording and monitoring, if loading the monitoring LUT When playback KRW or ProRes footages on workstation or laptop. It will be the low-contrast and logged image with high latitude if not loading any LUTs.

For in-camera recording, TERRA does not support Cineform and CinemaDNG.

However, you can transcode KRW footages into CinemaDNG by KineStation on Windows or MAC if record format set as KRW, but Cineform codec is not supported by KineStation.

TERRA can record KineRAW (.krw) and ProRes, in-camera:

    1. Lossless KineRAW (.krw) is developed by Kinefinity for high data rate reserving the maximum details of images without color sampling and loss, equivalent to RGB444.
    2. ProRes422HQ/422/422LT/422Proxy: all are YUV422, 10 bits. ProRes422HQ is able to satisfy color grading in post workflow for most cases, as it is visually lossless with KineLOG loaded when recording.

TERRA cannot record ProRes 4444XQ/4444 directly, but can record KineRAW(.KRW) as RAW format, then you can transcode KRW into ProRes 4444XQ/4444 by free software KineStation on PC or MAC (slow); Or transcode by SCRATCH with PC or MAC (faster).

Note: for TERRA, one-year license SCRATCH is not included, but you can apply for 30 days’ trial.

The two versions of TERRAs have different latitudes:

    1. TERRA 6K employs the same S35 CMOS sensor with KineMAX 6K, also the same latitude. It’s 14 f-stops at normal mode, and 16 f-stops for golden 3K ;
    2. TERRA 5K employs 5K S35 COMS sensor with dual shutter, 15 f-stops for rolling shutter and 13 f-stops for global shutter.

Both versions have higher latitude than 13 f-stops compared to KineMINI.

TERRA 6K and TERRA 5k employ different CMOS sensors, so the shutter mode is different.

    1. TERRRA 6K employs wide gamut S35 CMOS sensor with rolling shutter. If you want to take action shots, TERRA 6K features HiSpeed mode which reduces rolling effect greatly, seems like global shutter. HiSpeed mode works as ProRes and takes effect only on S35 4K, M4/3 3K, S16 2K, Not 6K and Golden 3K. In another word, you can get best footages at normal mode or get much lower rolling effect for quick motions at HiSpeed mode.
    2. TERRA 5K employs S35 CMOS sensor with dual shutter modes: rolling shutter and global shutter. You can switch between the two shutters at your will. Latitude is best up to 15 f-stops, and noise level is the lowest when rolling shutter mode; latitude is lower to 13 f-stops without any rolling effect when global shutter mode. One TERRA 5K offers two different imaging principles!

Both TERRA 6K and TERRA 5K apply CMOS sensor with a S35 frame size. The active frame size of S35 sensor is close to APS-C, so the conversion ratio is close to 1.6 of APS-C camera when using DSLR lens.

Mounting adapter or mount with KineEnhancer is the best choice for you if you want to shoot full frame. KineEnhancer turns TERRA from S35 to Full Frame camera (Very closely) and increase maximum iris to One f-stop when using Full Frame EF/Nikon F lens.

Oversampling/Downscale: recording(output) resolution is less than actual sampling resolution by image sensor, while the image format of recording is same with the image format of sampling. For example, TERRA 6K samples the image with full pixel as 5760×3240(6K UHD), S35 image format. There is in-camera downscale process from 6K to 4K if the record resolution is 3840×2160(4K UHD): the the image format of record resolution remains same as S35, but the record resolution is lower than sampling resolution.

The process of oversampling or downscale as following (TERRA 6K to 4K as example)

    1. For every single frame, there are 6Kx3K pixels for sampling: the 6K is bayer-patterned pixels(grey scale);
    2. 6K Debayer: from bayer pattern into 6K RGB domain;
    3. From 6K RGB to 4K RGB by 3:2 scaling down;
    4. From 4K RGB to 4K YUV domain, encode and compress, output into ProRes.

From above description, oversample only outputs non-RAW file format like ProRes. For a 6K bayer pattern CMOS, the effective horizontal resolution on RGB is around 6Kx0.7 = 4.2K, and the effective horizontal resolution remains nearly when downscaling from 6K to 4K (a little bit less than 4.2K). The image quality is equivalent to three 4K R/G/B image sensor sampling, in terms of resolution.

The benefits of oversampling/downscale over direct sampling of bayer pattern system are:

    1. Higher effective resolution: 6K oversampling to 4K, it gets 4K R/G/B effective resolution, but the effective resolution is only around 4K*0.7= 2.8K if using 4K bayer pattern CMOS sensor and output 4K images. Image seems sharper and crispper.
    2. Less noise level;
    3. Longer recording time: double recording time for same capacity of SSD media (6K to 4K);
    4. Same image format: it is NOT cropping mode. It remains the S35 format when lower resolution outputs.

Note: the frame rate does not boost though the recording resolution is lower: the highest frame rate of lower recording resolution is same with highest frame rate of full resolution at S35.

As of KineOS5.0, it supports following oversampling operation:

    1. S35 3840×2160 (4K UHD) from 6K full sampling; S35 1920×1080 (2K UHD) from Golden 3K sampling for TERRA 6K;
    2. S35 3840×2160  (4K UHD) and 1920×1080(2K UHD) from 5K full sampling.

For detailed resolution and frame rates, please refer to TERRA Tech Spec: resolutions marked as Oversampling are done by oversampling/downscale operation.

For most projects, oversampling is best choice for image quality, economic storage space, fast post-workflow.

Cropping means that image sensor only utilizes center part of image as effective sampling area. Generally speaking, cropping mode can boost fps higher than full resolution sampling.

Taking TERRA 6K as example, the max fps is 30 when 6K sampling and output; but the max fps increases to 59fps if 3K cropping mode (S16 image format), and 88fps if 2K cropping mode(16mm image format).

In the context of Kine cameras, 4K wide, 3K wide or 2K wide means aspect ratio is 2.39:1 widescreen output. 4K/2K Wide over standard 4K/2K, it is also a kind of cropping mode: cut off top and bottom of image while remaining horizontal resolution unchanged. It gains extra 30% frame rate over standard aspect ratio.

Cropping mode results in narrower FOV, or longer equivalent focal length of lens.

TERRA supports three cropping mode like M4/3, S16 and 16mm. TERRA squeezes every ounce of performance out of the image sensor.

Note: Cropping is very different from oversampling due to the different principles, though both outputs lower resolution:

Oversampling Crop
Image format unchanged smaller
Effective resolution improved unchanged
Noise level better unchanged
Record format ProRes RAW/ProRes
Frame rate unchanged higher

For detailed resolution and frame rates, please refer to TERRA Tech Spec: all non-S35 image formats are cropping mode. It may be also HiSpeed or Oversampling when cropping.

HiSpeed mode of Kine camera is a special operation mode to make CMOS image sensor sample images at much higher speed. The frame rate increases much more than normal mode, but it may suffers a little bit aliasing. TERRA 6K has HiSpeed mode, but TERRA 5K does not have such operation mode.

For TERRA 6K, HiSpeed includes: S35 4K Wide @100fps, M4/3 3K Wide @150fps, S16 2K Wide @225fps.

For TERRA, HiSpeed footages can be recorded as ProRes or KineRAW(.krw), in-camera.

For detailed resolution and frame rates, please refer to TERRA Tech Spec: all resolution/frame rate marked as HiSpeed works as HiSpeed.

Not exactly.

TERRA has three working modes for different resolutions vs image format:

    1. Oversampling /downscale: remain image format unchanged, only ProRes effective;
    2. Cropping: image format reduces to get higher fps;
    3. KineEnhancer: it is a physical part embedded in the mounting adapter or EF mount. It increases equivalent image format from S35 to full frame, M4/3 to S35;

Oversampling + Crop mode + KineEnhancer = infinity combination of resolution, fps and framing. Please refer to TERRA Tech Spec. Note: the tech spec does not take KineEnhancer into account.

In short, TERRA outputs super high quality 6K/4K/3K/2K ProRes for 6K model, 5K/4K/3K/2K ProRes for 5K model at regular fps, and also output 4K/3K/2K at higher fps.

Yes. TERRA is capable of slow motion capture (overcrank), especially TERRA featuring HiSpeed mode which enable 4K/2K slow-mo up to 100fps at S35 frame, 3K Wide 150fps@M4/3, and 2K Wide @225fps at S16 frame .

It also supports cropping mode to get high fps.

    1. M4/3, 4K Wide records up to 56fps;
    2. S16, 3K Wide up to 75fps;
    3. 16mm, 2K Wide up to 110fps.

All the Slow-Mo recordings do not have limitation on recording time until SSD is full. Besides, frame Rate can be adjusted as 6~MAX fps, step accuracy of 0.001fps.


All the slo-mo and HiSpeed are included in every TERRA for Free.

Yes. TERRA is capable of quick motion capture (undercrank). As of undercrank/Quick-Mo, the lowest fps is down to 6fps under current firmware. You can set any custom sensor fps between lowest and highest fps, the accuracy is 0.001fps, while recording fps is set by project fps in the camera. It provides much more possibilities over fixed fps like 24, 25, 30fps.

Only TERRA 6K features Golden 3K, TERRA 5K not.

TERRA 6K utilize the same CMOS sensor with KineMAX; when capturing 6K binned into 3K with advanced algorithm. Then,

    1. 16 f-stops:Capturing as 6K 12bits, its native latitude is 14 f-stops, it turns into 16f-stops after binning; Latitude will be more if final delivery is 2K/1080p; 
    2. Still S35mm framing All pixels as 6Kx3K captures lights, so frame is still S35mm frame, not crop;
    3. No Moire: With very advanced and patented algorithm for pixel merging, it will not add extra moire;
    4. Reduce Aliasing: Aliasing from debayer will be much reduced from 3K downconverted to 2K if final output is 2K;
    5. Reframe: 3K image is 100% more than 2K image if target is 2K, 100% room for reframing;
    6. Real resolution is 2K: Recovering R/G/B from Single-chip CMOS by debayer: Effective resolution will be 3K*0.7=2.1K>2K; equivalent to RGB 3-chip 2K CCD sampling.
    7. Upconverted to 4K from 3K if 4K delivery required;
    8. Much lower data bits: Compared to 4K or 6K capturing and recording, it demands much lower speeds to SSD. Recording 3K, TERRA can do it as ProRes 422HQ/422/422LT/422Proxy mov online. Saving SSD and benefit for DIT, data copy and backup.

That’s why we call TERRA 6K Binning 3K as golden 3K.

TERRA has two versions based on different CMOS sensors. One is the same 6K wide-color-gamut CMOS sensor (rolling shutter) with KineMAX 6K, and the other is the 5K dual-gain CMOS sensor with Dual Shutter Modes. Both models features very high resolution, wide latitude and high fps, same size and form factor though different CMOS sensors and different processing.

    1. TERRA 5K features the 5K dual-gain CMOS sensor with Dual Shutter Modes; TERRA 6K utilizes the same 6K wide-color-gamut CMOS sensor (rolling shutter) with KineMAX 6K.
    2. TERRA 6K supports golden 3K mode, but TERRA 5K not;
    3. TERRA 6K supports HiSpeed mode, but TERRA 5K not;
    4. TERRA 6K supports EI and ISO sensitivity modes, but TERRA 5K supports only EI mode, even though most of other cinema cameras do only support EI mode;

TERRA 5K supports all resolution, but no all frame rate at global shutter mode.

TERRA 5K works at 23.976/24/25/30fps for global shutter when S35 frame.

TERRA 6K’s CMOS is the same 6K wide-color-gamut CMOS sensor (rolling shutter) with KineMAX 6K. And their codec could be the same (KineMAX 6K can record ProRes and KRW if update to KineOS 5.0 for KineMAX.), so their image quality is totally the same.

For hardware internal processing, TERRA 6K is optimized for ProRes, so TERRA is better than KineMAX in terms of ProRes encoding capacity.

For interfaces, TERRA has more new interfaces for KineMON monitors, KineGRIP II, etc, 7mm KineMAG+, new designed KineKIT for TERRA.

For weight and form factor, TERRA features much smaller form factor than KineMAX, especially without KineBACK. KineMAX has a camera body with integrated functions and interfaces.

No, it does not support HDR mode, since such HDR is not very effective for capturing motion pictures.

The dual gain mode of TERRA 5K is not HDR.

Yes. It supports 4K 4:3 Anamorphic:

    1. TERRA 6K: 4320×3240@25fps;4096×3072@25fps, M4/3 framing;
    2. TERRA 5K: 3600×2700@50fps, M4/3 framing.

Note: 4:3 Anamorphic is included in every TERRA.

TERRA does not support proxy recording. And it records either KRW or ProRes, not at the same time.

Accessories for TERRA and Shooting

TERRA provides three ports for monitoring:

    1. KineMON: support KineMON-5L fullHD 5″;
    2. HD monitoring port(Type A): compatible with most field monitors and EVF, like SmallHD, Gratical;
    3. Two monitoring SDI ports(standard size): KineBACK provides extra two 3G SDI outputs. It only supports monitors with 3G SDI input.

For the monitoring resolution, it can be set as 1080p or 720p. 720p is for best compatibility, and save power consumptions, especially when powered by KineGRIP II.

You can upload the LUT/color style which you like, or DP like, or designed by post house to TERRA, so that the workflow from shooting to post will be optimised and reduce the time for you, also help on-site lighting and art work.

For recording KRW or ProRes with custom LUT, it does not burn into footage: footage is always logged (by KineLOG3), on-site LUT for monitoring is saved to the same folder.

The size of 3D LUT is from 8x8x8 up to 33x33x33.

There is no limit on numbers of custom LUT uploaded to TERRA.

If bare camera body, there is no monitors or EVF.

KineMON-5L is the best choice for TERRA monitoring. It is included in basic or professional package.

It features 1080p full-HD, 16M colors. Only one Kine video cord is needed for the monitor to get power supply and video signal from TERRA.

KineMON-5L is easy to be mounted on the camera body firmly by using appropriate accessories for different needs. The monitor weighs only 260g, the video cord 60g, rotation mount 40g, and the coldshoe mount 50g, for minimum extra pressure on the camera.

For other standard monitoring options:

    1. HD monitoring port(Type A): compatible with most field monitors and EVF, like SmallHD, Gratical;
    2. Two monitoring SDI ports(standard size): KineBACK provides extra two 3G SDI outputs. It only supports monitors with 3G SDI input.

For the monitoring resolution, it can be set as 1080p or 720p. 720p is for best compatibility, and save power consumptions, especially when powered by KineGRIP II.

Gratical EYE/Gratical HD/Gratical X Micro-OLED EVF from Zacuto and SmallHD 501/502 Sidefinder from SmallHD。

TERRA has four types of lens mounts:

    1. Active EF mount: Cinema type EF mount with locking ring, Native S35 shooting
    2. Active EF mount with KineEnhancer: turns TERRA into a full-frame cinema camera. Only EF lens can be mounted to the mount, while EF-S is NOT applicable due to its rear length. If you want to shoot both S35 and full frame, KineMOUNT plus two kinds of mounting adapters is highly recommended;
    3. KineMOUNT (max flexibility): KineMOUNT provides enough possibility due to its short FFD. New KineMOUNT is re-designed to be light with electronic contact (active) in order to support PL mounting adapter with /i tech and new cordless EF mounting adapter. For max flexibility, KineMOUNT is best choice, and more mounting adapters with different functions will be introduced in the future;
    4. PL mount: Native PL mount is configured on Kine camera for the first time, perfect choice for PL lens, especially anamorphic PL lens. Native PL mount and PL mounting adapter (mark II) supports /i tech. Lens data can be read from lens and be recorded into footages if the lens supports /i tech too.

The four lens mounts of TERRA with much less weight allow TERRA more suitable for handheld, gimbal even drone.

Note: EF mounting adapter supports electronic iris-control, while Nikon F mounting adapter does not support electronic iris-control, but it can support only G lens iris-control by technical ring. In addition, individual mounting adapters are accessories, not included in the body when purchase.

If you choose camera body with KineMOUNT, you will get the maximum possibility for using different lens even with different mounts: using different mounting adapter on demand. Besides, just like attaching a lens, it is very easy and fast to attach the adapter to KineMOUNT with no need of adjusting FFD.

    1. For EF lens, just buy  Active EF Mounting Adapter II
    2. For equivalent full-frame shooting with EF lens, just buy Active EF mounting adapter II with KineEnhancer
    3. For cinema PL lens, just buy PL mounting adapter II
    4. For Nikon lens, just buy Nikon F mounting adapter  II
    5. For equivalent full-frame shooting with Nikon F lens, just buy Nikon F mounting adapter II with KineEnhancer
Since 2014, every mount or mounting adapter made by Kinefinity is lock-type mount, like cinema PL mounting lock mechanism. It provides much better stability; fits very well in professional way when video shots using follow-focus gear.

Yes if the EF lens is on the whitelist of Kine camera.

For mechanical operation:

  1. EF mount or EF mounting adapter without KineEnhancer support both EF lens and EF-S lens;
  2. EF mount or EF mounting adapter with KineEnhancer support only EF lens, not EF-S lens. Also not support the lens with moving glass module when focusing.

Current firmware does not support stabilizer of Lens, nor focusing of lens. It may be OK by upgrading firmware.

Very pitiful that KineEnhancer can not be removed or assembled by users, because KineEnhancer impacts FFD of mount too much. The removal of KineEnhancer leads to FFD of mount/adapter mismatch too much.

Please choose KineMOUNT and related mounting adapters, like adapter w/ or w/o KineEnhancer, if you want to shoot in native S35 framing or Full frame.

It is very easy to change a mounting adapter on KineMOUNT, like swapping a PL lens on PL mount.

Kine camera employs lock-type/Cine-style EF/Nikon F mount from 2014 Jan. Its fixing way is very similar to Cine PL mount: lock ring rotation, not lens rotation to make sure EF/Nikon F lens locked firmly and to be contacted well with pogo-pin contact inside of EF mount in any case. Compared to traditional lock way based on spring metal, the new EF/Nikon F mount gains much better stability; fits very well in professional way when video shots using follow-focus gear.

Refer to How to use New Lock-style EF mount

Yes.

The cost is US$499 from native EF mount to KineMOUNT. And you need to buy EF mounting adapter or PL mounting adapter, etc if you want to use EF lens or PL lens. Then the total cost is: US$499 + Cost of adapters.

The cost is US$499 from native EF mount to native PL mount.

Note: the part replaced will not return to customers.

No, TERRA has not M43 mount nor SONY E mount.

TERRA has three power supply interfaces, and the power supply range is 11~19V:

    1. Handhold: you could use small KineBAT-30W battery (SONY BP-U30 compatible) to power TERRA if you purchase the KineGrip II. KineGRIP II is designed for TERRA with power supply and full control of the camera. Metal structure is applied for better heat dissipation, which also make it more solid than other handgrip for cinematographers to shoot in harsh conditions. KineBAT-30W battery power TERRA for more than one hour thanks to TERRA’s low-power design.
    2. V-Mount Broadcast Battery, Use V-mount broadcast battery like super compact KineBAT-120W to power TERRA if you buy the KineBACK which integrates a robust V-mount battery plate made of aluminum alloy. For a 14.4V broadcast battery with 120Wh, it can power TERRA four hours.
    3. Other ways, Use external power source to power TERRA by a special D-Tap cord. TERRA has a push-pull power port with 2-PIN. There is AC-DC adapter to power TERRA directly. You can also DIY a power cable to power TERRA based our power cord with open ended, like powering from gimbal or drones.

The KineBACK only has V-mount version. If you want to use Anton-Bauer(golden mount) broadcast battery, a V-mount to Anton-Bauer Plate Adapter is needed as it can be mounted on the V-mount battery plate, then supports Anton-Bauer (golden mount) broadcast battery.

Yes, if your TERRA is configured with KineBACK.

KineBACK features two 12V@1A DC outputs, which power external monitors, wireless transmitters and other accessories. It reduces the usage of other external batteries for accessories like LP-E6, NP-F970 and Nikon batteries. It brings you the big convenience to power management of the camera and accessories system.

Power output port is a 4-pin MOCO socket. A power cord is free of charge when shipping KineBACK (output port is a standard DC port).

In addition, there are two standard D-Tap outputs on the top of V-mount battery plate at KineBACK. Note that D-Tap outputs are connected directly to V-mount battery, so the output voltage varies from 11V to 17V, instead of regulated 12V. Like XLR ports, D-Tap ports also have a silicone cover to protect the internal electrical connection.

KineBACK has four branches of DC power output, which satisfy needs of most scenarios.

Due to super lightweight TERRA and small form factor, TERRA can work with most of light gimbal, like Ronin M.

Recommend Ronin MX if you use a little bit heavier lens like Leica Summicron-C prime.

TERRA can be powered by Ronin powering system by a special cable.

TERRA utilizes a series of new interfaces, then has more dedicated accessories:

    1. KineMON-5L: tailored for TERRA. Connects with TERRA body by only one Kine video cord, and gets power supply and video signal from the camera. KineMON-5L is easy to be mounted on TERRA body firmly;
    2. KineBACK: features dual 3G-SDI monitoring outputs, dual XLR ports for Phantom-powered 48V MIC, timecode input and output, SYNC, DC Power outputs, all-metal V-mount battery plate with dual D-Tap ports;
    3. KineGRIP II: designed for TERRA with power supply and full control of the camera. Metal structure is applied for better heat dissipation. KineGRIP II powers TERRA with KineBAT-30W battery (BP-U30 compatible) for more than one hour thanks to TERRA’s low-power design;
    4. KineMAG+ 500GB/1TB: born to match Kine cameras with reliability and long life, all-metal case and good heat dissipation. There is a slot on one end of KineMAG+, which perfectly facilitates pull-plug operation between the SSD and TERRA body.
    5. KineBAT-120W: Super compact V-mount KineBAT-120W is designed specifically to match TERRA and other small cinema camera. It can even be placed in palm, with up to 120Wh power. TERRA detects the battery and displays the remaining time when attached to V-mount;
    6. KineKIT-TERRA: takes into account of TERRA in different scenarios, such as hand-held, tripod, gimbal and shoulder application, high and low shooting angles, etc., which makes it best choice for TERRA.
    7. Mounting adapters II for TERRA with KineMOUNT: re-designed to be light with electronic contact (active) in order to support PL mounting adapter with /i tech and new cordless EF mounting adapter;
    8. WIFI Control option: used to control TERRA by smart device such as iPad. It turns iPad into large remote controller for TERRA.
    9. More TERRA accessories: including cables, solid cases, etc.

Welcome to TERRA world.

TERRA body can work independently. But KineBACK provides not only professional ports, but also professional processing on audio and video signals.

KineBACK is tailored for TERRA, KineBACK equips the small camera with more options, turning TERRA into a full-featured cine camera with more professional ports. KineBACK features dual 3G-SDI monitoring outputs, dual XLR ports for Phantom-powered 48V MIC, timecode input and output, SYNC, DC Power outputs, all-metal V-mount battery plate with dual D-Tap ports.

KineBACK can be mounted on TERRA by yourself, but be careful and refer to the instructions from Kinefinity.

KineKIT is designed, made specifically for TERRA by Movcam. It is a basic KIT, means that it does NOT including Matte box nor Follow-Focus. It features lightweight and robustness, and is compatible with any accessories with 15mm rod system.

The top handgrip of KineKIT-TERRA is made of wood, higher cost but less weight. KineKIT-TERRA also has a top plate, a side support (though TERRA is far more solid than other DSLR cameras already) as well as a bottom Multiplate designed for 15mm system.  Ergonomic design of Multiplate benefits much for shoulder application.

  1. Tunable TERRA Top Handgrip: There are two coldshoe sockets at the front and rear of the lightweight and solid wooden top handgrip. The two coldshoe sockets provide two locations for KineMON monitor with the help of special KineMON coldshoe mount. The top handgrip can be installed in opposite direction, so that  you hold handgrip more balanced and secured when attaching a very heavy lens;
  2. Lightweight Rail with stopper: match the top of TERRA and top plate too. Tunable TERRA Top Handgrip is assembled on TERRA by the rail by clamp. The rail has stoppers at both ends to prevent accidental slipping.
  3. Lightweight TERRA Top Plate: KineMON Rotation Mount can be mounted on the front and left side of top plate. With 1/4″-20 and 3/8″-16 threaded holes, the top plate can load different accessories;
  4. TERRA Side Support: provides extra the stability of the camera system;
  5. TERRA Multiplate: supports 15mm rod system, such as follow focus and matte box. Ergonomic design of Multiplate benefits much for shoulder application: the position of camera fixed to multiplate is tunable so as to balance the tripod; if equipped with shoulder pad, the pad can be moved back and forth, thus makes it easier to balance on shoulder;
  6. KineMON Coldshoe Mount: KineMON is mounted easily to the coldshoe socket front or rear of the top handgrip;
  7. Two 15mm diameter aluminum Rods with length of 300mm.

Besides, KineKIT-TERRA has an option for shoulder pack, which includes:

  1. Movcam Shoulder Pad: x1;
  2. Movcam right-side wooden handgrip: x1;
  3. Movcam TERRA Trigger Cable, coiled: x1 – connect the control port of TERRA to the handgrip so as to trigger on or off by the button on the handgrip;
  4. Movcam Rosette Extension Arm: x1;
  5. Movcam Rosette Offset Adapter: x1;
  6. Movcam KineMON Mount (tailored for KineMON): x1.

This option of shoulder pack is totally worth it; you can shoot on your shoulder very comfortably.

If you want to buy Matte box, follow focus, etc other general accessories, we recommend TERRA full KIT for you

TERRA has a series of new interfaces and its body size shrinks a lot, so the accessories for previous Kine camera model may not fit TERRA any more.

About the compatibility of these accessories,

    1. KineKIT for KineMAX/KineMINI, NOT compatible;
    2. 9mm KineMAG, NOT compatible; TERRA uses 7mm SSD, like KineMAG+;
    3. EF mounting adapter, Nikon F mounting adapter, PL mounting adapter, B4 mounting adapters shipped before 2016 Oct: NOT compatible, because KineMOUNT of TERRA is redesigned;
    4. Other general accessories can be used with TERRA.

TERRA has three ways to record sound:

    1. in-camera mic: mono, it can record sound even without external microphone;
    2. 3.5mm mic-in(Plug-in-power): stereo, works with external microphone with 3.5mm plug;
    3. KineAudio (XLR phantom-48V): dual balanced XLR inputs, very high recording quality, it is integrated in KineBACK.

There is a VU meter to show input level of in-cam MIC or KineAudio at the left corner in the Liveview display (or audio level of some clip when playback). There is 3.5mm headphone socket which can be used for audio monitoring or playback by earphone. What you hear by earphone is what to be recorded as in-camera audio.

It generates two uncompressed audio files when recording no matter what kind of mic type. The audio track will be packaged into a ProRes mov file directly if the record codec is ProRes mov or transcoded by KineStation if project fps equals to sensor fps.

Thanks to low power design of TERRA, TERRA just uses two quiet fans for cooling processing unit and camera body. Fan noise is hardly to be heard for most cases.

For audio recording by in-camera mic, since the mic is placed in the camera, it will record the fan noise to some degree.

For the two quiet fans inside the camera:

    1. One is core fan cooling the Core Processor; the fan runs quietly for most of time, and can NOT be set manually.
    2. The other is body fan cooling the whole camera body; the body fan can be set manually.You can adjust the body fan speed (factory set to 30%): it can be adjusted from 15% to 100% according to the outside temperature, even turn off the fan.

So far, there is only WIFI option which needs extra charge. Buy WIFI module to enable WIFI function, and turn your mobile device into as remote controller.

multi-camera sync function is embedded in KineBACK.

Just send the SN of camera body to Kinefinity when you buy some in-camera option in Kinefinity online store. Kinefinity will send you a soft key named as kineraw.opt based on the SN of camera and factory setting of your camera. You use the soft key to upgrade your camera.

TERRA does not prohibit users from using third-party SSDs. Users could try to use third-party SSD, but generally speaking, third-party SSD are consumer-type, not optimized for professional camera recording. So we only recommend 7mm KineMAG+ as record media for TERRA.

Note: Performance on data spec are guaranteed by KineMAG+ SSD. There is no technical support or help on recording issues such as frame drop or data loss if using third-party SSD.

The bit rate depends on resolution, fps and code type you use to shoot, the maximum bit rate is 430 MBytes/s.

Note: the bit rate does not stand for the writing speed of SSD. The normal writing speeds of most consumer-type SSDs are not suitable for cinema cameras.

Typically, 4K ProRes422HQ, 500GB KineMAG+. It can record up to one hour and twenty mins. For 2K ProRes422HQ, 500GB, up to five hours and thirty mins.

The following table shows the record time length over different record codec and SSD capacity:

Record Format Rec time length@KineMAG+ 500GB Rec time length@KineMAG+ 1TB
2K@25fps  KineRAW(.krw) 3hrs and 30mins 7hrs
2K@25fps ProRes422HQ(.mov) 5hrs and 10mins 11hrs
2K@25fps  ProRes422LT(.mov) 11hrs and 10mins 23hrs
3K@25fps  KineRAW(.krw) 1hr and 30mins 3hrs
3K@25fps ProRes422HQ(.mov) 2hrs and 50mins 3hrs and 40mins
3K@25fps  ProRes422LT(.mov) 5hrs and 30mins 11hrs
4K@25fps  KineRAW(.krw) 52mins 1hr and 40mins
4K@25fps ProRes422HQ(.mov) 1hr and 20mins 2hrs
4K@25fps  ProRes422LT(.mov) 2hr and 50mins 5hrs and 40mins
5K@25fps  KineRAW(.krw) 33mins 1hr
5K@25fps ProRes422HQ(.mov) 52mins 1hr and 40mins
5K@25fps  ProRes422LT(.mov) 1hrs and 50mins 3hrs and 40mins
6K@25fps  KineRAW(.krw) 26mins 52mins
6K@25fps ProRes422HQ(.mov) 42mins 1hr and 20mins
6K@25fps  ProRes422LT(.mov) 1hr and 30mins 3hrs

Typically, Knight D100 from Movcam is OK.

Not necessarily.

When clips playback on TERRA, it will load the LUT that the clip was shot for monitoring. Its contrast and saturation is normal if Neutral LUT loaded.

TERRA playback at full speed and smoothly for 4K and below resolution. However it may slow down a little bit for 5K or 6K resolution.

All TERRA monitoring outputs show the same image, though TERRA has four monitoring outputs:

  1. KineMON port: to KineMON-5L;
  2. Digital HD port, type A: to general monitors;
  3. Dual 3G SDI ports, integrated into KineBACK: it supports only monitor with 3G SDI ports.

All the monitoring paths have the same video output. Customers can not set different video output for different monitoring paths.

No.

The monitoring outputs are set as 720p@60fps and 1080p@60fps, and the display refresh rate can not tuned by customers, so it is different from real frame rate of clips themselves.

Yes. TERRA supports multi-cam sync, 3D or VR ready, and it may be the best camera to setup 3D and VR system, due to its super lightweight (less than 1KG) and compact body. Besides, TERRA supports

Due to the lightweight  and small form factor, TERRA is perfect to construct 3D system and VR/360° system. 3D/SYNC of TERRA also realize the true synchronization of CMOS sensors as following:

    1. Timecode SYNC;
    2. Frame SYNC;
    3. CMOS sensors SYNC with mismatch less than 5us.

Sync mechanism is realized through SYNC port on KineBACK. In another word, only with KineBACK, TERRA can be hardware-ready for 3D/VR SYNC:

    1. For 3D system, both TERRA cameras need to be equipped with KineBACK and a SYNC cord connecting the SYNC ports of the two KineBACKs. No extra software option needs to be purchased;
    2. For a multi-camera sync system (more than two), all TERRA cameras need to be equipped with KineBACK. Besides, you should purchase a KineSYNC device and a few SYNC cords: one KineSYNC device can sync up to eight TERRAs (one master camera and seven slave cameras).

In short, TERRA +KineBack is a simple system ready for 3D/VR shooting.

Master camera can sync slave camera when hardware is ready and connection is done. Just press the REC button on Master camera, all cameras will work at the exact same time.

Yes.

Press center button of multi-function wheel to switch different image output:

  1. Display with parameters and waveforms
  2. Display with core parameters
  3. Clean Display.

About the post-workflow of TERRA

Quicktime player can playback ProRes clips directly after downloading QuickTime7. And nearly all NLE and DI softwares support ProRes codec.

Check the software for more information about related softwares.

ProRes codec is so efficient that lap-top with mainstream configuration can edit and do primary grading 2K even 4K ProRes codec smoothly.

For rendering purpose, you always need powerful computer to speed up rendering, no matter what codecs.

So far, only SCRATCH (V8.4 or above) supports KRW codec natively.

We are working with other DI vendors to support KRW in different DI softwares directly.

No. It is different from KineMINI and KineMAX.

However, TERRA customers can buy SCRATCH at super discount. The price of 1-yr license of SCRATCH is only US$199 for TERRA customers.

 

Please visit the introduction of KRW post-workflow as Workflow of KineRAW(.KRW)

Note: TERRA does not support proxy recording.

KineStation is a software developed by Kinefinity to transcode KineRAW(.KRW) clips into other different intermediate codecs like ProRes, CinemaDNG etc.

For TERRA, the in-camera record codec as ProRes422HQ and KineRAW. And KineStation for TERRA does not support Cineform any more. KineStation is needed when you want to take CinemaDNG workflow or ProRes4444, ProRes4444XQ.

The file system of KineMAG SSD is HFS on MAC OS, but it is not journaled.

    1. Always format SSD in-camera, not on a MAC;
    2. For MACOS, user can access the clips in KineMAG SSD;
    3. For Windows OS, you have to install HFS+ or MacDrive to access it.

Hardware level, you may use any SATA to USB 3.0 cable to connect KineMAG SSD to your computers. No need special SSD reader.

 
TERRA 5K
TERRA 6K
KineMAX 6K
Body ColorBlackBlackBlack/Titanium Grey
CMOS SensorS35 5K CMOSS35 6K CMOSS35 6K CMOS
Shutter ModeDual Shutter: Rolling + GlobalRollingRolling
Max Active Resolution5120x2700 (5K)5760x3240 (6K)5760x3240 (6K)
Slow-Mo5K Wide @60fps
4K Wide @100fps
2K Wide @200fps
4K Wide @100fps(HiSpeed)
2K Wide @225fps(HiSpeed)
4K Wide @100fps(HiSpeed)
2K Wide @225fps(HiSpeed)
Anamorphic3.6K 4:3 3600x2700
@50fps
4.3K 4:3 4320x3240@30fps
4K 4:3 4096x3072@30fps
4.3K 4:3 4320x3240@30fps
4K 4:3 4096x3072@30fps
Latitude15 f-stops@Rolling Shutter
13 f-stops@Global Shutter
16 f-stops@Golden 3K/2K
14 f-stops@6K
16 f-stops@Golden 3K/2K
14 f-stops@6K
Base ISO800@5K1600@Golden 3K/2K
800@6K
1600@Golden 3K/2K
800@6K
Lens MountEF Mount
EF Mount w/ KineEnhancer
PL Mount
KineMOUNT
EF Mount
EF Mount w/ KineEnhancer
PL Mount
KineMOUNT
EF Mount
or KineMOUNT
Codec5K ProRes 422HQ+ Lossless RAW(KRW)6K ProRes 422HQ+ Lossless RAW(KRW)3K Cineform
4K CinemaDNG
6K LosslessRAW(KRW)
Powering1. KineGRIP (II)
2. Two-Pin DC Input
3. Integrated Battery Plate (V mount, Need to buy KineBACK)
1. KineGRIP (II)
2. Two-Pin DC Input
3. Integrated Battery Plate (V mount, Need to buy KineBACK)
1. Two-Pin DC Input
2. Integrated Battery Plate (V mount/Anton, Need to buy KineBACK)
KineMON Monitoring11N/A
HD Monitoring Ports111
SDI Monitoring2
(Need to buy KineBACK)
2
(Need to buy KineBACK)
2
Audio1. In-camera MIC
2. 3.5mm MIC-in
3. KineAudio: 48V Phantom MIC(Dual XLR, Need to buy KineBACK)
1. In-camera MIC
2. 3.5mm MIC-in
3. KineAudio: 48V Phantom MIC(Dual XLR, Need to buy KineBACK)
1. In-camera MIC
2. 3.5mm MIC-in
3. KineAudio: 48V Phantom MIC(Dual XLR)
Size (WxHxL, mm)
(Without projections)
1. KineMOUNT
2. EF Mount
115x110x95
115x110x120
115x110x95
115x110x120
94x118x192
94x118x215
Weight(EF version, g)9909901780

Since TERRA has industry-standard monitoring ports, industry-standard memory slots, industry-standard battery mount and flexible mounting options, you can configure your own TERRA according to your budget, your lens, accessories and monitors.


1. Typical configurations of TERRA

Recommend two practical and cost-saving packages: TERRA Basic is suitable for one-man job, TERRA Pro is for film crew with more accessories options:

Note: TERRA KineBACK only supports SONY V-mount battery plate. For Anton-Bauer broadcast battery, you need to buy a V-mount to Anton-Bauer plate adapter.


2. Three universal accessories packages

For universal accessories, there are three packages to save your time and cost:


3. Options on lens mounts

Please refer to mounting options (second tab of this page).


4. DIY by Kinefinity and 3rd party accessories

There are many available accessories for TERRA: not only from Kinefinity, but also from third-party companies, off-the-shelf, qualified and verified by Kinefinity.

    1. KineMON-5L: tailored for TERRA. Connects with TERRA body by only one Kine video cord, and gets power supply and video signal from the camera. KineMON-5L is easy to be mounted on TERRA body firmly;
    2. KineBACK: features dual 3G-SDI monitoring outputs, dual XLR ports for Phantom-powered 48V MIC, timecode input and output, SYNC, DC Power outputs, all-metal V-mount battery plate with dual D-Tap ports;
    3. KineGRIP II: designed for TERRA with power supply and full control of the camera. Metal structure is applied for better heat dissipation. KineGRIP II powers TERRA with KineBAT-30W battery (BP-U30 compatible) for more than one hour thanks to TERRA’s low-power design;
    4. KineMAG+ 500GB/1TB: born to match Kine cameras with reliability and long life, all-metal case and good heat dissipation. There is a slot on one end of KineMAG+, which perfectly facilitates pull-plug operation between the SSD and TERRA body.
    5. KineBAT-120W: Super compact V-mount KineBAT-120W is designed specifically to match TERRA and other small cinema camera. It can even be placed in palm, with up to 120Wh power. TERRA detects the battery and displays the remaining time when attached to V-mount;
    6. KineKIT-TERRA: takes into account of TERRA in different scenarios, such as hand-held, tripod, gimbal and shoulder application, high and low shooting angles, etc., which makes it best choice for TERRA.
    7. Mounting adapters II for TERRA with KineMOUNT: re-designed to be light with electronic contact (active) in order to support PL mounting adapter with /i tech and new cordless EF mounting adapter;
    8. WIFI Control option: used to control TERRA by smart device such as iPad. It turns iPad into large remote controller for TERRA.
    9. More TERRA accessories: including cables, solid cases, etc.

There are also many cost-saving third-party accessories which match TERRA perfectly:

    1. Movcam high-quality universal accessories: lightweight and solid, including follow focus, matte box, quick release plate for 15mm system or 19mm system;
    2. Best Glass IRND filter: NiSi Cinema IRND filter;
    3. SmallHD Sidefinder: 500 SideFinder ;
    4. SmallHD 7" LCD and OLED field monitors: AC7 LCD&OLED;
    5. Best Micro OLED Viewfinder Gratical EVF;
    6. Balanced Zacuto KIT Recoil KIT;
    7. Most Competitive Tripod Package: Trix/Teris Pro Tripod Kit;
    8. Best Standard Monitor: Zunzheng broadcast/cinema monitors.